In order to see this embed, you must give consent to Social Media cookies. It didn't really affect us much. "We want to know our past. In 2001, India’s ‘Cultural Capital’ Calcutta was renamed Kolkata “in order to match Bengali pronunciation”. It was also felt that the anglicised version was simply outdated, as the country has been free from colonial rule for more than half a century. Read the … In 1773 Bombay (now Mumbai) and Madras (now Chennai) became subordinate to the government at Fort William. Kolkata (Calcutta) Tourism and Travel: Best of Kolkata (Calcutta) About Kolkata (Calcutta) This former British colonial stronghold boasts evidence of over two millennia of habitation, with ornate, architecturally diverse buildings, ranging from crumbing ruins to Victorian treasures. It didn't really affect us much. The city came to life in 1690 when Job Charnock, a young merchant of the East India Company, set up the first permanent colony in the richest province of the Mughal empire: choosing a village on the Hooghly river known as Kali-kshetra, then Kali-kata, after the Hindu female deity. The name was changed by an act of the Indian parliament in 1997. "The Government of India have, after careful consideration, accepted the proposal of the State Government of West Bengal to change the name of the city of 'Calcutta' to 'Kolkata'," an official release said. Kolkata - Kolkata - Capital of British India: Calcutta did not become the capital of British India until 1772, when the first governor-general, Warren Hastings, transferred all important offices to the city from Murshidabad, the provincial Mughal capital. Calcutta's sorry image of a city of beggars and heartbreak would stick. Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport (IATA: CCU, ICAO: VECC) is an international airport located in Dum Dum, West Bengal, India, serving the Kolkata metropolitan area.It is located approximately 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from the city centre. Kolkata, Bengali Kalikata, formerly Calcutta, city, capital of West Bengal state, and former capital (1772–1911) of British India.It is one of India’s largest cities and one of its major ports. [6], Official name changes take place quickly if not immediately in official government sources. More recent and high-profile changes – including renaming such major cities as Calcutta to Kolkata – have generated greater controversy. Last time it happened was back in 2001 when the British named Calcutta was renamed into Kolkata by the government. Calcutta's new name reflects its Bengali history The Indian Government has backed plans for the city of Calcutta to be readopt its pre-colonial Bengali name - Kolkata. The confusion inherent in such variations has often resulted in serious consequences like people having two "different" addresses (theoretically designating the same place) in their official records leading to legal disputes, or one house having residents of different house addresses due to differing place names. Kolkata was always called Kolkata in Bengali — derived from the name of one of the three villages said to have become the modern city of Kolkata. But the British called it Calcutta. The confusion inherent in such variations has often res… In Kolkata January 14-27 2020, staying within 10 blocks of the Park Street area. Similarly, Bombay, which was always called Mumbai in Marathi, was restored to Mumbai in 1996, and Pondicherry to Puducherry (meaning New Town). In the post-colonial era, several Indian states' names were changed. Thus Calcutta became the third Indian metropolis … No one expected a sudden change this soon. The reason for this change was that in two of the local languages, Marathi and Gujarati, the city has long been called Mumbai. There are also plans to change other anglicised place names. This eventually went on to become the first capital of Union Jack India. In 1690, Job Charnok, an agent of the East India Company chose this place for a British trade settlement. Calcutta, the bustling metropolis where I was born, once the First City of the British Raj, had already rechristened itself as Kolkata in 2001. The plea sought directions to authorities concerned to cancel the notification, if any, whereby Kolkata Port Trust has been renamed and, in case, there is a change of name… Kolkata (spelled Calcutta before 1 January 2001) is the capital city of the Indian state of West Bengal. Image Courtesy: Remote Traveler. … Yet, here we are again going back to the roots with the 16th-century old Kalikatta. Kolkata was officially called Calcutta until 2001. In the early years after Indian independence, many name changes were effected in northern India for English spellings of Hindi place names that had simply been romanised inconsistently by the British administration – such as the British spelling "Jubbulpore," renamed "Jabalpur" (जबलपुर) among the first changes in 1947. India has various local languages. He was commander of the British forces during the 1857 Indian mutiny. It is the second largest city in India after Mumbai. Best Kolkata (Calcutta) B&Bs on Tripadvisor: Find 2,202 traveler reviews, 1,878 candid photos, and prices for 465 bed and breakfasts in Kolkata (Calcutta), India. I am curretly in Kolkata/Calcutta and can categorically state that the title Calcutta is obslete here. Kolkata (West Bengal) [India], September 8 (ANI): The Calcutta High Court on Tuesday sought the response of the Central government on public interest litigation (PIL) against the decision to change the name of Calcutta Port Trust to Syama Prasad Mookerjee Port Trust. Kolkata City Of Joy: Beautiful Bengal Moist weather, fish curries, agarbatti aromas, sweet mishtis…art, culture, history and dance all are in one land Bengal. The reason for this change was that in two of the local languages, Marathi and Gujarati, the city has long been called Mumbai. In 1773 Bombay (now Mumbai) and Madras (now Chennai) became subordinate to the government at Fort William. Bioy Ghosh feels that the name Dharmatala is because of the preeminence of Dharmathakur in olden days. There are two main views on the etymology of the name Hatibagan. The renaming of cities is often specifically from English to Indian English in connection with that dialect's internal reforms. On June 20 1756, on the last night before the monsoon, 43 of the 64 British prisoners locked in a room at Fort William by the young nawab of Bengal, Siraj-ud-Daula, died of heat prostration, and another legend was born: the black hole of Calcutta. ", Gazetteer of the Nellore District: Brought Up to 1938 - Page 151 Government Of Madras Staff, Government of Madras - 1942 "... of the Ramayana (2000 — 1500 BC) was a dense jungle, while the town of Nellore, which came into existence only several centuries later, was known as Simhapuri (Lion's town), from the supposed existence of lions in the adjacent forests. The name of the place was first Mandav Nagar and then corrupted into Mandi. The bill also proposes to change the name of IIM Calcutta to IIM Kolkata. In general, changes to the local names of cities in the indigenous languages are less common. This makes it the third largest city of India. In 1957, the West Bengal government ordered the removal of the bronze statue of Gen. James Outram, a landmark in Calcutta. For example, the change of Madras (Tamil: மதராஸ் Madras) to Chennai (Tamil: சென்னை Chennai) was reflected in many of India's languages, and incidentally in English, while the Tamil endonym had always been Chennai and remained unaffected by the change. Realignment of the official Indian English name to an alternative local name, India and the World Bank: The Politics of Aid and Influence - Page 126 Jason A. Kirk - 2011 "Orissa (Note: This state was officially renamed Odisha in March 2011)", Cosmopolitanism - Page 73 Carol A. Breckenridge, Sheldon Pollock, Homi K. Bhabha - 2002 "In one sense, the decision to officialise the name, Calcutta: A Cultural and Literary History - Page 3 Krishna Dutta - 2003 "nationalist stance, like Bombay, which changed its name to Mumbai, or Madras, which has become the unrecognisable Chennai, Calcutta has preferred a comparatively minor name change, which frankly is a bit of a multicultural mishmash. How do you do that? - Slate Magazine", "Deccan Herald: Centre clears change in names of Karna cities, Belgaum now Belagavi", "Failed game-changers become name-changers", https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Kerala-to-become-Keralam/articleshow/6166573.cms, "Allahabad is now Prayagraj, Yogi's Cabinet renames historic city", https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/west-bengal-renaming-centre-says-hasnt-approved-name-change-mamata-banerjee-writes-to-pm-modi/articleshow/70059673.cms, https://hindustantimes.com/india-news/as-gujarat-sets-to-rename-ahmedabad-to-karnavati-shiv-sena-demands-name-change-of-osmanabad-and-aurangabad/story-tsa2wD3VOcL9wex76Jt0MP.html, "10 Indian cities that changed their names", "Now, Indore to become Indur, Bhopal Bhojpal", "BJP to rename Hyderabad, Karimnagar if it forms govt in Telangana: UP CM Yogi Adityanath", "BJP lawmaker demands change of Nizamabad's name to 'Indur, https://indianexpress.com/article/india/uttar-pradesh-bjp-muzaffarnagar-will-be-renamed-lakshmi-nagar-mla-sangeet-singh-som-5439986/, Geographical Dictionary Of Ancient And Mediaeval India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Renaming_of_cities_in_India&oldid=998925702, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles containing Bengali-language text, Articles containing Gujarati-language text, Articles containing Malayalam-language text, Articles containing Marathi-language text, Articles containing Kannada-language text, Articles containing Assamese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 17:40. The change was finally approved on December 23, 2000 15 and ended up being more drastic than anticipated. A recent report from the Calcutta Metropolitan Development Authority says ethnic Bengalis now account for only 57% of the city's inhabitants, and that has generated concern among the self-appointed guardians of the local culture and language. The name change is rather conveniently timed for the state's ruling communists, just weeks before India's general elections and at a time when Calcuttans may be losing faith in the cosmopolitanism that has defined the city. Similarly, Calcutta was the anglicised name of Kolkata. Experts fear the move will not only erode the IIM-C brand value, but also confuse applicants and employers since IIM Kozhikode is also popularly known as IIM-K. Calcutta's new name reflects its Bengali history The Indian Government has backed plans for the city of Calcutta to be readopt its pre-colonial Bengali name - … Thus Calcutta became the third Indian metropolis to get a new name. In the case of smaller towns and districts which were less notable outside and inside India, and where a well known English name (or exonym) could not be said to exist, older spellings used under British India may not have had any specific legislation other than changes in practice on the romanisation of indigenous Indian language names. [4] Since independence, such changes have typically been enacted officially by legislation at local or national Indian government level, and may or may not then be adopted by the Indian media, particularly the influential Indian press. The most notable exceptions are Indian English spelling-changes of Orissa to Odisha (March 2011)[1] and the union territory of Pondicherry (which includes the city of Pondicherry) to Puducherry. Calcutta HC judges 'No' to change in name to Kolkata HC Mobile helping farmers get compensation for wildlife conflict Why keeping Vaccination Card up-to-date is … [7] Adoption may be slower among the media in India and abroad, and among Indian authors.[8][9][10]. Kolkata was formerly known as Calcutta: Origin of the name Calcutta is an Anglicized version of the Bengali name Kalikata. Now comes the fun part. For example, the renaming of the Madras Presidency to Madras State in 1947 and then Tamil Nadu in 1969 required non-Tamil speakers to change from an approximation of the British name (Tamil: மதராஸ் மாகாணம் Madras Presidency, then Madras State Tamil: மதராஸ் மாநிலம்) to a native Tamil name (Tamil: தமிழ்நாடு Tamil Nadu, "Tamil country"). ", Temples and legends of Himachal Pradesh - Page 38 Pranab Chandra Roy Choudhury - 1981 "Mandi takes the name from Mandavya. Some of these changes coincided with the States Reorganisation Act of 1956, a major reform of the boundaries of India's states and territories that organised them along linguistic lines. It was not technically true. Some discern the name as a reference to dharma, one of the units of the Buddhist Trinity. … Calcutta HC seeks centre response on plea to rename Kolkata Port Trust Kolkata: The Calcutta High Court on Tuesday sought the response of the Central government on public interest litigation (PIL) against the decision to change the name of Calcutta Port Trust to Syama Prasad Mookerjee Port Trust. KOLKATA: Judges of Calcutta High Court have unanimously declined to accept the Centre's proposal for renaming it as Kolkata High Court and have communicated the view of the full court to Union Law Ministry. Many people argue that such confusion can lead to indeterminate and/or unintended consequences.[2]. Well, for all those need a little brush-up, let us tell you about the origin of Kolkata as briefly as possible. An example of this is the renaming of predominantly Hindi-speaking Uttaranchal (Hindi: उत्तराञ्चल) to a new local Hindi name (Hindi: उत्तराखण्ड Uttarakhand). In the year 2003, High Court in Calcutta ruled out Job Charnock -- widely held to have founded Calcutta with the British East India Company in 1690 -- and announced that his name should be struck from school textbooks, official documents, and websites. On July 5, … Now comes the story. When it is called Calcutta, it includes the suburbs.This makes it the third largest city of India. Representative image . . The city's name was always pronounced "Kolkata" in the local Bengali language but the official English name was only changed from Calcutta to Kolkata in 2001. The news says that Kolkata – the city of Joy is changing the name again. To the point, a few examples are Quilandy vs. Koyilandy, Canannore vs. Kannur, and Rangiya vs. Rangia. The closest rendering in spoken Bengali sounded more like Koli-kata. Still, it was not bad. Hatibagan. Or Kolkata? To the point, a few examples are Quilandy vs. Koyilandy, Canannore vs. Kannur, and Rangiya vs. Rangia. Even (Romanised) English spellings in long and wide use often vary depending upon which government department or agency uses them. This also makes it the world's 8th largest metropolitan area as defined by the United … These can be represented as a change from Urdu language to Hindi language, but since the two languages are variants of Hindustani the proposal is effectively a cultural and ethno-religious proposal rather than a linguistic one. In 2001 the government of West Bengal decided to officially change its capital city's name to Kolkata to reflect its original Bengali pronunciation. The country's culture hub, Calcutta or 'Cal' adopted its Bengali name Kolkata officially in 2001. Some of these local name changes were changes made in all languages: the immediate local name, and also all India's other languages. Such changes in English spelling may be in order to better reflect a more accurate phonetic transliteration of the local name, or may be for other reasons. The city's name was always pronounced "Kolkata" in the local Bengali language but the official English name was only changed from Calcutta to Kolkata in 2001.